Vegetarian planet

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“The time will come when men such as I will look upon the murder of animals as they now look on the murder of men.” Leonardo Da Vinci

What would a vegetarian future look like?

When eighteenth-century France decided to free its slaves and grant them fundamental rights long before the British or Americans, philosopher Jeremy Bentham wrote “The day may come when the rest of the animal creation may acquire those rights.”

What could justify such rights?

“Is it the faculty of reason, or perhaps the faculty of discourse? But a full-grown horse or dog is beyond comparison a more rational, as well as a more conversational animal, than an infant.”

“The question is not Can they reason? Or Can they talk? But can they suffer? (Michael Pollan, Omnivore’s Dilemma, p308)

“We consider all men/ women to be created equal not as a matter of fact- some are smarter than others, handsomer, more gifted, whatever- but as a moral idea that everyone’s interests ought to receive equal consideration.”

Therefore, “if possessing a higher degree of intelligence does not entitle a human to use another for his or her own ends, how can it entitle humans to exploit non-humans for the same purpose?”

Michael Pollen explains that it’s obvious that we shouldn’t treat pigs and children the same in every way: “Equal consideration of interests is not the same as equal treatment….children have an interest in being educated, pigs in rooting around in the dirt. But where their interests are the same, the principle of equality demands they receive the same consideration. And the one all-important interest humans share with pigs, as with all sentient creatures, is an interest in avoiding pain” (Omnivore’s Dilemma 308)

“It may be that as a civilization we’re groping toward a higher plane of consciousness. It may be that our moral enlightenment has advanced to the point where the practice of eating animals- like our former practices of keeping slaves or treating women as inferior beings- can now be seen for the barbarity it is, a relic of an ignorant past that very soon will fill us with shame.”

What would a “Vegetarian Planet” look like?

Sarah Baker is a Vegetarian activist and has provided this post from Power Drill Guru, the leaders in reviews for the best cordless drill, impact driver and impact wrench.

UN Report urges global move to meat and dairy-free diet

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Politics

Lesser consumption of animal products is necessary to save the world from the worst impacts of climate change, a UN Report issued in June 2010 says.

A global shift towards a vegan diet is vital to save the world from hunger, fuel poverty and the worst impacts of climate change, said the report.

As the global population surges towards a predicted 9.1 billion people by 2050, western tastes for diets rich in meat and dairy products are unsustainable, says the report from United Nations Environment Programme’s (UNEP) international panel of sustainable resource management.

It says: “Impacts from agriculture are expected to increase substantially due to population growth increasing consumption of animal products. Unlike fossil fuels, it is difficult to look for alternatives: people have to eat. A substantial reduction of impacts would only be possible with a substantial worldwide diet change, away from animal products.”

Professor Edgar Hertwich, the lead author of the report, said: “Animal products cause more damage than [producing] construction minerals such as sand or cement, plastics or metals. Biomass and crops for animals are as damaging as [burning] fossil fuels.”

The recommendation follows advice last year that a vegetarian diet was better for the planet from Lord Nicholas Stern, former adviser to the Labour government on the economics of climate change. Dr Rajendra Pachauri, chair of the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), has also urged people to observe one meat-free day a week to curb carbon emissions.

The panel of experts ranked products, resources, economic activities and transport according to their environmental impacts. Agriculture was on a par with fossil fuel consumption because both rise rapidly with increased economic growth, they said.

Ernst von Weizsaecker, an environmental scientist who co-chaired the panel, said: “Rising affluence is triggering a shift in diets towards meat and dairy products – livestock now consumes much of the world’s crops and by inference a great deal of freshwater, fertilisers and pesticides.”

Both energy and agriculture need to be “decoupled” from economic growth because environmental impacts rise roughly 80% with a doubling of income, the report found.

Achim Steiner, the UN under-secretary general and executive director of the UNEP, said: “Decoupling growth from environmental degradation is the number one challenge facing governments in a world of rising numbers of people, rising incomes, rising consumption demands and the persistent challenge of poverty alleviation.”

The panel, which drew on numerous studies including the Millennium ecosystem assessment, cites the following pressures on the environment as priorities for governments around the world: climate change, habitat change, wasteful use of nitrogen and phosphorus in fertilisers, over-exploitation of fisheries, forests and other resources, invasive species, unsafe drinking water and sanitation, lead exposure, urban air pollution and occupational exposure to particulate matter.

Agriculture, particularly meat and dairy products, accounts for 70% of global freshwater consumption, 38% of the total land use and 19% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, says the report, which has been launched to coincide with UN World Environment day.

Last year the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation said that food production would have to increase globally by 70% by 2050 to feed the world’s surging population. The panel says that efficiency gains in agriculture will be overwhelmed by the expected population growth.

Prof Hertwich, who is also the director of the industrial ecology programme at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, said that developing countries – where much of this population growth will take place – must not follow the western world’s pattern of increasing consumption: “Developing countries should not follow our model. But it’s up to us to develop the technologies in, say, renewable energy or irrigation methods.”